### Multiplication

The following videos demonstrate the strategies that our children will learn in relation to multiplication. The children are given opportunities to apply these strategies to their work as simple calculations and as part of problem solving activities. It is very important that children lean their multiplication tables and facts by heart as this really helps them to multiply and calculate accurately.

In multiplication the children will –

• Read, write and interpret mathematical statements involving the addition symbol (x) and equals (=).
• Solve one step problems (problems with one part) involving multiplication.
• Recall and use multiplication facts for the 3,4 and 8x multiplication tables.
• Write and calculate mathematical statements for multiplication using the multiplication tables they know, including two digit numbers times one digit numbers using a formal written method.
• Solve problems, including missing number problems, involving multiplication.
• Identify multiples and factors including factor pairs of numbers and common factors.
• Multiply numbers up to four digits (including decimals) by a one or two digit number using a formal written method, using long multiplication.
• Multiply whole numbers by 10, 100 and 1000.
• Solve problems involving multiplication, including scaling by simple fractions and problems with ratio.